AM NOT HAVE NOT WILL NOT DO NOT
İngilizce de negatif cümle yapmak için, yardımcı fiilden hemen sonra not gitirilir.
Yardımcı fiiller: be(am/is/are), have/has/had, will, would, can, could, shall, should, may, might, must.
It is not raining. I have not seen Bill. She cannot understand me.
Konuşma dilinde genellikle kısaltmaları kullanırız:
aren’t, isn’t wasn’t weren’t haven’t hasn’t hadn’t won’t=will not, wouldn’t can’t couldn’t shan’t shouldn’t mustn’t
Şu tarz kullanım da söz konusudur:
I’m not, He’s not, she’s not v.s.
Aşağıdaki örnek cümleleri inceleyelim:
Dogs can swim. Dogs can’t fly.
Milk is white. Milk isn’t red.
The children are at school. The children aren’t at home.
Joe has been to Japan. Joe hasn’t been Japan.
You must give this letter to Ann. You mustn’t give this letter to her mother.
I’m Scottish. I’m not English.
Aşağıdaki olumsuz örnek cümleleri inceleyelim:
I can’t speak German.
I can’t dance.
I can’t play chess.
I can’t ride a horse.
I can’t understand maths.
Eğer olumlu cümlede yardımcı fiil söz konusu değilse, cümle geniş zaman ya da geçmiş zamanla kurulmuş olabilir. O zaman da olumsuz cümle kurmak için, do/does/did yardımcı fiillerinden sonra not getiririz.
Aşağıdaki örnek cüleleri inceleyelim:
Cats eat meat. Cats don’t eat potatoes.
Cervantes wrote Don Quixote. Mozart didn’t write Don Quixote.
Shakespeare lived in London. Shakespeare didn’t live in New York.
Dics tell you about words. Phone books don’t tell about words.
Most Algerians speak Arabic. Most Algerians don’t speak Russian.
John knows my parents. John doesn’t know my sister.
Fridges keep food cold. Cookers don’t keep food cold.
Aşağıdaki negatif cümleleri inceleyelim.
What is the time. I don’t know.
What was the film like? It wasn’t very good.
I haven’t seen Joe for weeks. Is he OK?
Can I see you tomorrow? I won’t be here. How about Tuesday?
She couldn’t buy the coat. It was too expensive.